2015 Nobel Prize Recip­i­ent Youyou Tu

traditional chinese medicine nobel prize recipient Youyou TuYouyou Tu from the China Acad­emy of Tra­di­tional Chi­nese Med­i­cine in Bei­jing, China was awarded the The Nobel Prize in Phys­i­ol­ogy or Med­i­cine in 2015 for her dis­cov­er­ies con­cern­ing a novel ther­apy against Malaria.

A num­ber of seri­ous infec­tious dis­eases are caused by par­a­sites spread by insects. Malaria is caused by a single-​cell par­a­site that causes severe fever.

Tra­di­tional Chi­nese med­i­cine uses sweet worm­wood to treat fever. In the 1970s, after stud­ies of tra­di­tional herbal med­i­cines, Youyou Tu man­aged to extract a sub­stance, artemisinin, which inhibits the malaria parasite.

Drugs based on artemisinin have led to the sur­vival and improved health of mil­lions of people.

Click here to lis­ten to her Nobel Lecture.

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